Technology ID
E-003-2018

Autophagy Modulators For Use in Treating Cancer

Linked ID
NCI-E-003-2018
Inventors
Ajit Roy (NICHD)
Gaurav Sharma (NICHD)
Juan Marugan (NCATS)
Marc Ferrer-Alegre (NICHD)
Melvin DePamphilis (NICHD)
Lead Inventors
Melvin DePamphilis (NICHD)
Co-Inventors
Ajit Roy (NICHD)
Gaurav Sharma (NICHD)
Juan Marugan (NCATS)
Marc Ferrer-Alegre (NICHD)
Development Stages
Pre-clinical (in vivo)
Development Status
Pre-clinical (in vivo)
Applications
Therapeutics
ICs
NICHD
NCATS
Commercial Applications
  • Cancer therapeutic
  • Administration of the compounds that inhibit autophagy can be used to sensitize cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents
Cancer cells can upregulate autophagy – cell destruction – as a response to chemotherapy. Investigators in Dr. Melvin DePamphilis’ laboratory at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) have shown that compounds identified by screening a library of compounds blocks autophagy in some cancer cells (e.g., melanoma) but are not toxic to normal cells. Cancer cells with mutations in the BRAF oncogene are especially dependent on autophagy. Treatment of cancer cells with the BRAF mutation can increase the efficacy of chemotherapy. Proof of concept studiesin xenograft mice showed reduction of melanoma tumor size upon treatment with WX8, a lead compounddescribed in the patent application cited below. The technology is available for licensing and/or co-development under a collaborative research agreement.
Competitive Advantages
  • The compounds inhibiting autophagy are selective for cancer cells and are not toxic to normal cells 

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